Colombia Weather

Unlike other South American countries, Colombia doesn’t have disparate geographic zones whose temperature varies from season to season. Instead, its regional climate varies in accordance with altitude, with temperatures remaining more or less constant throughout the year owing to the country’s proximity to the equator. There are also wet and dry seasons, with all the flooding and other complications to go with them.

In the north, the climate along the Caribbean coast is lushly tropical, with high humidity, warm days, and equally balmy nights. If you’re headed to Barranquilla or Cartagena, light cotton clothes and sandals are de rigueur. As you go further inland, the northern spurs of the Andes rise into view, and temperatures and humidity levels fall accordingly. Medellin, at an altitude of some 5,000 feet, has an average annual temperature of 72, while Cali to the south, at 3,300 feet, hovers around 77, causing it to be called “the city of eternal spring.”

Bogota, at 8,600 feet, is the coldest of Colombia’s major destinations, with cool days and nights that dip into the 40’s. The Andean sun can be fierce at times, and there are occasional storms that can give the city a somber aspect. Further to the southwest, the Amazon region is warm and rainy year round.

Wherever you go, you’ll want to avoid Colombia’s rainy season, whose worst months are October and November. Take special heed if you plan to go hiking, as bad road conditions are common. The two dry seasons (December to March and July to August), are the best times to visit.

Average monthly temperatures (°F) and rainfall (inches) for select locations in Colombia are shown below.

Barranquilla

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
High868788899090898989888887
Low757576777777777776767676
Rain000144346831

Bogota

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
High666667666564646465656566
Low434547484848474646474745
Rain223542222653

Cali

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
High848585838384858584838283
Low676767676767666666666667
Rain234643123543

Cartagena

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
High858586868787878787868686
Low757677787979797978787876
Rain000044355951

Medellin

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
High798080797980808079787878
Low646565656565646464646464
Rain234785566863

Santa Marta

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
High888990908989898887878788
Low747578808181808079797876
Rain000012212320

Source: Weatherbase.

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