Brazil Weather

As befits the largest nation in Latin America, the geography and climate of Brazil are incredibly diverse, ranging from the thick heat of the Amazon to the lush windswept forests of the central savannah to the tropical beaches of the coast. Weather also tends to vary within each region.

The northeastern region, encompassing cities such as Belem, Salvador, and Recife, sports a warm tropical climate stirred by fresh sea breezes. Temperatures remain in the 80’s year round, with rains heavier during certain parts of the year (January to May along the northern coast, May to July further east). Generally, though, the showers last only a short time, just long enough to cool things off a bit before the sun returns.

Meanwhile, further south, the beaches of Rio de Janeiro are host to hot and humid summers and mild winters. Temperatures can climb well into the 90’s from December to March, to the delight of Cariocas, who revel in the sizzling summer days. These are also the months leading up to Carnaval (usually in February), South America’s most celebrated bacchanal. São Paolo is similar to Rio, but its slightly higher elevation—some 700 meters above sea level—takes the edge off southern Brazil’s tropical heat.

Those seeking to explore the Amazon will encounter, predictably, steamy temperatures and high humidity, with heavy rains during winter. The latter lasts from December to May, and many areas are flooded from the cloudbursts that occur nearly every afternoon. June to August is the driest season; the waters recede, and wildlife-viewing opportunities increase. If you’re headed for the Pantanal, the tropical wetlands system in the southwestern floodplain, expect to encounter similar conditions, though from May to October things cool down considerably.

Average monthly temperatures (°F) and rainfall (inches) for select locations in Brazil are shown below.

Belem

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
High 87 86 86 87 88 89 89 89 89 89 89 89
Low 74 74 74 75 75 74 74 73 73 74 74 74
Rain 14 16 17 15 11 7 6 5 5 4 4 8

Belo Horizonte

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
High 80 82 81 79 77 75 74 77 78 80 79 78
Low 72 73 72 70 60 64 63 66 68 70 70 71
Rain 12 8 6 3 1 1 2 1 2 5 10 13

Campo Grande

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
High 85 86 86 85 80 79 80 83 84 86 86 85
Low 71 70 70 68 63 61 61 63 65 68 69 70
Rain 9 7 7 4 4 2 1 1 3 6 8 8

Recife

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
High 88 88 88 87 86 84 83 83 85 86 87 88
Low 78 77 77 76 74 73 72 72 74 76 77 77
Rain 2 4 8 10 12 12 10 6 3 1 1 2

Rio de Janeiro

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
High 91 92 90 87 83 81 81 82 81 84 87 89
Low 74 75 74 71 67 65 64 65 66 68 71 72
Rain 5 5 5 4 3 2 2 2 2 3 4 5

Sao Paulo

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
High 81 83 81 77 74 71 71 73 73 77 78 79
Low 67 67 66 63 59 56 55 56 57 60 63 65
Rain 10 8 6 2 2 2 1 1 2 6 5 8

Source: Weatherbase.

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